iOS

How To Add a Slide-out Sidebar Menu in Your Apps


Editor’s note #1: This post has been updated for Xcode 6 and iOS 8. The demo app now supports the latest version of SWRevealViewController.
Editor’s note #2: If you’re using Swift, please check out the Swift version of the tutorial here.

How can I create a slide-out sidebar menu in my app? This is one of the most frequently asked questions we got from our readers. So this week we’ll show you how create a slide-out navigation menu similar to the one you find in the Facebook app.

For those who are unfamiliar with slide out navigation menu, Ken Yarmost gave a good explanation and defined it as follows:

Slide-out navigation consists of a panel that “slides out” from underneath the left or the right of the main content area, revealing a vertically independent scroll view that serves as the primary navigation for the application.

Since Facebook app introduced this slide-out sidebar design, it quickly becomes a standard way to implement navigation menu. You can easily find this design pattern in most of the popular content-related apps such as Path, Mailbox, Gmail, etc.

Slideout Sidebar Menu in iOS

The slide-out design pattern lets you build a navigation menu in your apps but without wasting the screen real estate. Normally, the navigation menu is hidden behind the front view. The menu can then be triggered by tapping a list button in the navigation bar. Once the menu is expanded and becomes visible, users can close it by using the list button or simply swiping left on the content area.

With so many free pre-built solution on GitHub, we’re not going to build the slide-out navigation menu from scratch. Instead, we’ll make use of a library called SWRevealViewController. Developed by John Lluch, this excellent library provides a quick and easy way to put up a slide-out navigation menu and it’s available for free.

Read on and develop a demo app together.

A Glance at the Demo App

As usual, we’ll build a demo app to show you how to apply the SWRevealViewController. The app is very simple but not fully functional. The primary purpose of the app is to walk you through the implementation of slide-out navigation menu. The navigation menu will work like this:

  • User triggers the menu by tapping the list button at the top-left of navigation bar.
  • User can also bring up the menu by swiping right on the main content area.
  • Once the menu appears, user can close it by tapping the list button again.
  • User can also close the menu by dragging left on the content area.
Slideout Sidebar Demo App

Creating the Xcode Project

With a basic idea about what we’ll build, let’s move on. You can create the Xcode project from scratch and design the user interface similar to below:

Sidebar Demo App Storyboard

However, to save your time from setting up the project, you can download the Xcode project template to start with.

The project already comes with:

  • A pre-built storyboard with all the view controllers needed
  • A pre-built view controller classes including MapViewController and PhotoViewController
  • The MapViewController is implemented to display a map
  • The PhotoViewController is implemented to display a photo in an image view
  • All icons and images needed for the app (credit: thanks for the free icon from Pixeden)

Importing the SWRevealViewController Library

As mentioned, we’ll use the free SWRevealViewController library to implement the slide-out menu. So, first download the library from GitHub and extract the zipped file.

After you extract the file, you should find “SWRevealViewController.h” and “SWRevealViewController.m”. In the project navigator, right-click SidebarDemo folder and select “New Group”. Name the group “SWRevealViewController”. Import both files into the Xcode project and put them under “SWRevealViewController”.

Import SWRevealViewController into Library

Associate the Front View and Rear View Controller

One of the beauties of the SWRevealViewController library is that it provides the built-in support of Storyboard. When implementing sidebar menu using SWRevealViewController, developers have to associate the SWRevealViewController with a front and a rear view controller using segues. The front view controller is the main controller for displaying content. In our storyboard, it’s the navigation controller which associates with another view controller for presenting news content. Apparently, the rear view controller is the controller for showing the navigation menu. Typically the menu is implemented by using UITableViewController.

Slideout Sidebar Storyboard

In the Xcode project template, we’ve pre-built the front and rear view controllers for you. What you have to do is to define segues between the SWRevealViewController and front/rear view controller.

First, select the initial view controller and change its class to “SWRevealViewController”.

Changing the class to SWRevealViewController

Next, press and hold the control key. Click the SWRevealViewController and drag it to the Menu view controller. After releasing the button, you’ll see a context menu for segue selection. In this case, select “reveal view controller set segue”. This defines a custom segue “SWRevealViewControllerSetSegue”. This custom segue tells SWRevealViewController that the view controller connected is the initial view controller.

Note: If you’re using an older version of SWRevealViewController, please note that the SWRevealViewControllerSegue is now deprecated. You should use SWRevealViewControllerSetSegue instead.

Repeat the same procedures to connect SWRevealViewController with the navigation controller of the main view controller (containing News Frontpage).

Defining Segues for SWRevealViewController

Select the segue between SWRevealViewController and the navigation controller. In the attributes inspector, set the segue identifier to “sw_front”. This is the default identifier that indicates a transition of front view controller.

For the segue between SWRevealViewController and the sidebar view controller, set the segue identifier to “sw_rear”. This identifier tells SWRevealViewController that the controller represents the rear view (i.e. the sidebar menu).

Setting the segue identifier for front and rear view controllers

If you compile and run the app, you’ll see an app displaying the “News Frontpage”. But that’s it. You won’t see the sidebar menu when tapping the list button. We haven’t implemented the action method yet.

Open “MainViewController.m”, which is the controller class of “News Frontpage”. Add the following import statement:

Next, add the following code in the viewDidLoad: method:

The SWRevealViewController provides the revealToggle: method to handle the expansion and contraction of the sidebar menu. As you know, Cocoa uses the target-action mechanism for communication between a control and another object. We set the target of the sidebar button to the reveal view controller and action to the revealToggle: method. So when the sidebar button is tapped, it’ll call the revealToggle: method to display the sidebar menu. Lastly, we also add a gesture recognizer. Not only you can use the list button to bring out the sidebar menu, user can swipe the content area to activate the sidebar.

Try to compile and run the app in the iPhone simulator. Tap the list button and the sidebar menu should appear. Tap the button again to close it. You can also swipe right on the content area to open the menu just like the figure below.

Empty Slideout Sidebar

Before moving on, add the same code snippet in the viewDidLoad: method of both PhotoViewController.m and MapViewController.m. The app should show up the sidebar when a user taps the list button in these two view controllers.

Adding the Menu Items in Navigation Menu

With just a few lines of code, you already implement the slide-out navigation menu. Cool, right?

However, the menu is now empty. We’ll now add a few items and show you the transition from one item to another. The sidebar view controller is just a simple table view controller. For sake of simplicity, we’ll design the sidebar menu right in the storyboard.

The first table cell of the Sidebar View Controller is defined with the title “APPCODA”. If you don’t like it, just change it to whatever you prefer. The only thing you have to ensure is to keep the cell identifier as “title”, which we’ll refer it later in our code.

Okay, let’s add a few more menu items. To begin, select the prototype cell and change the number of prototype cells to 8 in the attributes inspector. You should end up with a screenshot similar to below:

Changing the number of prototype cells

Change the “APPCODA” label of the second cell to “News”. Optionally, you can change the color of label to dark gray and set the font to “Avenir Next” in the attributes inspector. Next, drag a image view object from the object library to the cell. Set the size of image view to 38×38 and change the image to “news.png”.

Next, select the cell and set the cell identifier as “news” in the attributes inspector. You should end up with a cell similar to the screenshot below.

News cell item with news identifier

Repeat the above procedures to add the following menu items:

  • Comments (set the images as comments.png and cell identifier as comments)
  • Map (set the images as map.png and cell identifier as map)
  • Calendar (set the images as calendar.png and cell identifier as calendar)
  • Wishlist (set the images as wishlist.png and cell identifier as wishlist)
  • Bookmark (set the images as bookmark.png and cell identifier as bookmark)
  • Tag (set the images as tag.png and cell identifier as tag)

If you’ve done everything correct, your sidebar view controller should look like this:

Sidebar Menu with Menu Item

After completing the user interface, let’s implement the code for displaying the table cell. Select the “SidebarViewController.m” and add the following import statement:

Next, declare the menuItems variable to store the cell identifier of the menu items:

Update the viewDidLoad: method to the following:

The above code is very straightforward. We simply initialize the menu item array with the values of cell identifier. Then edit the numberOfSectionsInTableView: method to return 1 and the numberOfRowsInSection: method to return the correct number of table row:

Lastly, change the cellForRowAtIndexPath: method to the following:

The code simply gets the cell identifier of the specified table cell from the menuItems array for display. Now compile and run the app again. Tap the list button and you’ll find a slide-out navigation menu with menu items.

sidebar menu items

Implementing Menu Item Selection

You’ve already built a visually appealing sidebar menu. There is still one thing left. For now, we haven’t defined any segues for the menu item. When you select any of the menu items, it will not transit to the corresponding view.

To keep the demo app simple, we’ll only connect the menu item with three view controllers. I think this should give a pretty good demonstration to show you how it works. Here are what we’re going to do:

  • Connect the “News” cell item with the main view controller using a “reveal view controller push controller” segue
  • Connect the “Map” cell with the map view controller using a “reveal view controller push controller” segue
  • For the rest of the menu items, they will be associated with the photo view controller using the same type of segue. But we’ll display different photos for different menu items.

Okay, go back to storyboard. First, select the map cell. Press and hold the control key and click on the map cell. Drag to the navigation controller of the map view controller and select the “reveal view controller push controller” segue under Selection Segue.

Connecting the map item with map view controller

Repeat the above procedure for the “News” cell item, but connect it with the navigation controller of the main view controller.

For the rest of menu items including comments, calendar, wishlist, bookmark and tag, connect them one by one with the navigation controller of the photo view controller and set the segue identifier as “showPhoto”. We’ll use this identifier to differentiate the segue from the previous two we created.

Defining showPhoto as the segue identifier

Once you complete the configuration of segues in storyboard, open the “SidebarViewController.m”. First add the following import statement:

Then insert the prepareForSegue: method to manage the transition.

In the above code, we first retrieve the current cell identifier and set it as the title of the navigation bar. For those segues with “showPhoto” identifier, the photo view controller will only display a single photo. Here we set the file name of the photo to be displayed. Say, when user taps the “Comments” item, we’ll show the “comments_photo.jpg”.

Compile and Test the Final App

Now compile and test the app again. Open the sidebar menu and tap the map item. You’ll be brought to the map view. Try to test other menu items and see what you get.

Sidebar Demo App

Summary

In this tutorial, we show you how to apply SWRevealViewController to implement a slide-out navigation menu similar to the one in the Facebook app. If you do a search in GitHub, you can find other sidebar solutions such as GHSidebarNav and ViewDeck. You’re free to explore other libraries and see which is the best fit for your app. If you’d like to learn how to build the sidebar menu from scratch, Ray Wenderlich offers a great tutorial.

For your complete reference, you can download the full source code from GitHub. As always, leave us comment and share your thought about the tutorial.

Note: If you’re still using Xcode 5, you can download the project from here.

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